All posts from Feature

Predicting Drug Induced Neutropenia from in vitro Studies

A recent publication in the Journal of PK/PD presents a modeling framework for predicting clinical drug induced neutropenia from in vitro bone marrow studies and its application to a cell cycle inhibitor. W. Chen, B. Boras, T. Sung, Y. Yu, J. Zheng, D. Wang, W. Hu, M.E. Spilker, D.Z. D’Argenio. A Physiological Model of Granulopoiesis to Predict Clinical Drug Induced Neutropenia from in vitro Bone Marrow Studies. Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics, 27:163-182, 2020. Neutropenia is one of the most common dose-limiting toxicity associated with anticancer drug therapy. The ability to predict the probability and severity of neutropenia based on in vitro studies of drugs in early drug development will aid in advancing safe and efficacious compounds to human testing. Toward this end, a physiological model of granulopoiesis and its regulation is presented that includes the bone marrow progenitor cell cycle, allowing for a mechanistic representation of the action of… Read more

Model-based Biomarkers for Alzheimer’s Disease

Recent results of model-based “functional biomarkers” were presented in the IEEE Conference on Engineering in Medicine & Biology (San Diego, August 2012) that demonstrate the potential for improved diagnosis of early-stage Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) using dynamic nonlinear models of cerebral hemodynamics obtained from clinical time-series data via our novel modeling methods employing Principal Dynamic Modes. The key finding is that AD patients exhibit impaired vasomotor reactivity as quantified by our model-based biomarkers. Model-based Quantification of Cerebral Vasomotor Reactivity and its Use for Improved Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease and MCI V. Z. Marmarelis, Fellow IEEE, D. C. Shin, Member IEEE, M. E. Orme, R. Diaz-Arrastia & R. Zhang This presentation addresses the issue of clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) which represents a major threat to public health since it affects more than 5 million people and absorbs about $150 billion annually in the US alone. Currently, clinical diagnosis of AD… Read more

Modeling the Metabolic Syndrome

An extensive overview of the efforts that have been made to better understand the pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome using computational modeling was published in the 2013 volume of IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering. The review also introduces the notion that sleep-disordered breathing may play an important role in promoting the development of metabolic syndrome in obese individuals. Understanding the Metabolic Syndrome: A Modeling Perspective Khoo, M.C.K., Oliveira, F.M.G.S. & L. Cheng. IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering 6, 2013. The prevalence of obesity is growing at an alarming rate, placing many at risk for developing diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, or a combination of disorders known as “metabolic syndrome”. The evidence to date suggests that metabolic syndrome results from an imbalance in the mechanisms that link diet, physical activity, glucose-insulin control, and autonomic cardiovascular control. There is also growing recognition that sleep-disordered breathing and other forms of sleep disruption can contribute significantly… Read more

MIMO Nonlinear Dynamical Modeling for a Hippocampal

A recent publication in the IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering presents the application and hardware fabrication of the multi-input, multi-output (MIMO) nonlinear model for a hippocampal cognitive prosthesis. The modeling results show that the MIMO model can accurate predict the hippocampal CA1 (output) spiking activity based on the ongoing hippocampal CA3 (input) spiking activity and thus restore the lost memory function in rodents. A Hippocampal Cognitive Prosthesis: Multi-Input, Multi-Output Nonlinear Modeling and VLSI Implementation. Berger, T.W., Song, D., Chan, R.H.M., Marmarelis, V.Z., LaCoss, J., Wills, J., Hampson, R.E., Deadwyler, S.A. & Granacki, J.J. A Hippocampal Cognitive Prosthesis: Multi-Input, Multi-Output Nonlinear Modeling and VLSI Implementation. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering. 20(2): 198-211, 2012. This paper describes the development of a cognitive prosthesis designed to restore the ability to form new long-term memories typically lost after damage to the hippocampus. The animal model used is delayed… Read more